Rescue operations may be categorized according to the degree of difficulty in accessing the victim’s location and retrieving the victim to safety. Training for high angle rescue operations is vital for areas with slope angles more than sixty degrees. These areas include but are not limited to water towers, catwalks, and pipe racks and may only be accessed using rope gear and equipment.
Rescue Operations According to Angle
Low angle rescue operations present the lowest risk for both rescuers and victims since rescuers only have to access terrains with slope angles no more than 35 degrees.
Steep angle rescue operations, on the other hand, focus on terrains with slope angles no more than 65 degrees. They present moderate risk for rescuer and victim since rescuers have to tackle greater heights and rescue operations will still have to depend on terrain conditions and ease of access to the victim’s location.
For high angle rescue operations, a common misconception is that they are exclusive to elevated areas. Sub-ground levels, however, may still call for high angle rescues because of slope angles and access constraints. Sewer systems and barges are examples of such areas that may require this type of rescue operation.
Types of Rescue Equipment Needed
Due to the unusual terrain conditions where this type of rescue operation is carried out, special equipment may sometimes be necessary and which a basic search and rescue team may not be able to provide.
Ropes and Related Gear
You will need various types and lengths of rope to ensure that your equipment can well handle the weight of your victim, rescuer, and all other gears used for the operation. Be aware that ropes also come in low and high stretch and made of different materials.
Carabiners are also essential for attaching the rope to a secure surface or for connecting two or more ropes together. Harnesses are necessary so that rescuers won’t need to worry about keeping the rope securely attached to their bodies and that of the victim’s. Rope pads and grab devices as well as anchoring straps are just as important as they keep movement using rope equipment safe and comfortable for both rescuer and victim.
Additional use of pulleys can help retrieve victims more quickly and safely from potentially dangerous areas.
Litters and Stretchers
These are used for carrying victims who are required to remain stationary to prevent further injury.
Proper use and maintenance of rescue equipment is included in high angle rescue training. Such courses are best suited for those without inherent phobias of heights and constrained spaces.